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If you are trying to get a spousal benefit from an ex spouse, it is true that you must have been married at least 10 years to do so. If you have not then you will not be eligible for the spousal benefit from him. you also cannot have remarried before age 60 (or at least not be married currently). The spousal benefit is normally 50% of the spouse's benefit at full retirement age (in 2017 that is 66 and 2 months). if you elect to take your retirements benefits earlier then it will be penalized by the early retirement penalty. For example, if you retire at age 62, your benefit will be reduced to 32.5% of your spouse's benefit. These benefits also do not stack and you can only receive the higher of the 2 benefits. Please see SSA link for more info: https://www.ssa.gov/planners/retire/divspouse.html
Since you were not married for 10 years, unfortunately, you will not be eligible for your ex-spouse's benefit.
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If you were married for more than 10 years, you should not be denied. Was this an official marriage or a common law marriage?