Sorry for the delay. By the time you responded to me I had left my office for the evening.
The only reason I can see that you have been denied a survivor benefit is because the penalty applied to your application for a survivor benefit is significantly greater than the penalty that is applied to your collection on your own social security record. Let me explain.
The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP) reduction (which applies if you have a state pension and you collect on your own social security record) cannot exceed 50 percent of the amount of the pension received from non-covered employment (Teacher pension fund).
A related provision, the Government Pension Offset (GPO----which applies if you have a state pension and you apply to collect on a survivor benefit), reduces Social Security benefits paid to spouses or survivors when the spouse or survivor earned a pension from a government job that was not covered by Social Security. The GPO reduction is equal to two-thirds of the amount of the pension payment from non-covered government work (SSA 2012).
Right now, you are collecting only your teacher pension, and as much as 50% of that pension amount is deducted from your social security retirement benefit. If social security/Medicare taxes are not being taken from your pay while you are working in the court system, then the court pension will also then count against your social security entitlement when you begin to take that pension. If you paid social security taxes on your wages while working on the court system, then there will be no additional negative effect on your social security benefits.
I've not been able to do the math because you have not shared what your monthly teacher pension is, nor what you are entitled to from social security on your own record before the WEP offset, nor what benefit your deceased husband was receiving or entitled to receive at the time of his passing so I can't tell you for certain that you are not eligible for a survivor benefit. So, all I can do is presume that the 2/3 of your pension, which is the penalty for you taking a survivor benefit, would be greater than the survivor benefit itself, or at least leave you with a survivor benefit of less than you are receiving on your own record, and that is why you were told that you did not qualify.
You may reply back to me using the Reply link and I will be happy to continue to assist you until I am able to address your concerns, to your satisfaction.
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I wish you and yours the best in 2016,