Basically, your spouse can receive social security based on yours when she is 62 years and older, or if she is caring for your minor child under age 16. I am attaching citation and website links below for your reference resources.
When benefits are payable to your spouse:
Age 62 or older, unless he or she collects a higher Social Security benefit based on his or her earnings record. The spouse benefit amount will be permanently reduced by a percentage based on the number of months up to his or her full retirement age.
At any age if he or she is caring for your child under age 16 or disabled and receiving Social Security benefits.
Your spouse would receive these benefits until the child reaches age 16. At that time, the child's benefits continue, but your spouse's benefits stop unless he or she is old enough to receive retirement benefits (age 62 or older) or survivor benefits as a widow or widower (age 60).
If Your Spouse Also Worked Under Social Security
If your spouse is eligible for retirement benefits on his or her own record, we will always pay that amount first. But if the spouse benefit that is payable on your record is a higher amount, he or she will get a combination of benefits that equals that higher amount.
It doesn't matter if your spouse starts getting benefits before, after, or at the same time you do--we will check both records to make sure that your spouse gets the higher amount whenever he or she becomes entitled to it.
If your spouse will also receive a pension based on work not covered by Social Security, such as government or foreign work, his or her Social Security benefit on your record may be affected.
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You can call the social security administration office to get more detailed and definite answers. However, it is probably more effective to just go to a local office to talk with a representative face to face.
Fiona Chen, MPA, Ph.D., CPA, ABV, CFF, CITP