It sounds like your brother could qualify for disability as this seems like a pretty serious event that will take a while to get over. In order to qualify for SS disability, his condition would need to effect him for more than 1 year. See below for further details and also links to the SS disability site that you can review and ask further questions if necessary. It should give you the information you need.
The following is copied from the SS website. See link: https://www.ssa.gov/disability/index.htm
"To qualify for Social Security disability benefits, you must first have worked in jobs covered by Social Security. Then you must have a medical condition that meets Social Security's definition of disability. In general, we pay monthly cash benefits to people who are unable to work for a year or more because of a disability.
Benefits usually continue until you are able to work again on a regular basis. There are also a number of special rules, called "work incentives," that provide continued benefits and health care coverage to help you make the transition back to work.
The definition of disability under Social Security is different than other programs. Social Security pays only for total disability. No benefits are payable for partial disability or for short-term disability.
"Disability" under Social Security is based on your inability to work. We consider you disabled under Social Security rules if:
- You cannot do work that you did before;
- We decide that you cannot adjust to other work because of your medical condition(s); and
- Your disability has lasted or is expected to last for at least one year or to result in death.
This is a strict definition of disability. Social Security program rules assume that working families have access to other resources to provide support during periods of short-term disabilities, including workers' compensation, insurance, savings and investments." See link to how SS decides one is disabled: https://www.ssa.gov/planners/disability/dqualify5.html#&a0=1
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