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Police can track a phone by its IMEI number or its phone #.
But they can query providers such as ATT or T-Mobile about the ICCID #, and get the phone # ***** it, and locate it that way.
The question is, whether you have a cause sufficient to convince the police to locate the offending phone.
It might be more useful to your cause, to query provider(s) yourself, and with the ICCID #, have them identify the offender (through their records of who pays them to provide service for the number associated with the ICCID #.)