I have an EZ go ST 4x4 withn gas constantly getting into the oil crankcase. I have had 2 new carbs put in in the past two winters but the problem continues. Can you suggest a cure?
Make: EZ GOModel: ST 4x4
Fuel line shutoff, carb cleaner
The reason you have to keep putting on new carburetors every year is because gas is left in the tank and carburetor while the unit is being stored. You cannot let gas sit in the tank or even the carburetor for longer than 30 day. This is because of the garbage gasoline we have these days and because of the alcohol that is now added to the fuel.
This gas turns to gum, varnish and dirt and also eats away at the needle and seat in the carburetor. This float needle and seat is what is causing your fuel problem of getting into the oil. Fuel stabilizer does NO GOOD with todays garbage gas. You also must use good quality name brand fuel.
Although the exact problem of leaking fuel is not addressed in this carburetor answer I am about to send you, It does cover many of the other problems caused by old fuel.
Maybe you will at least get a little bit of useful information from it.
As engines sit or get older, fuel that is left in the carburetor can turn to gum and varnish and cause this and other problems. Also, any gasoline that was left in a gas can for a period of more than 30 days must be discarded because it also has begun to turn to varnish.
Today's gasoline's contain MTBE and alcohol. (Ethanol) They turn to "Junk and garbage" very quickly. Alcohol is partially water (H2O). And they call it "Oxygenated fuels! It is the oxygen that breaks down the organic compounds in the fuel and turns the gas to "Garbage" (Gum and varnish) The fuels we had just a few years ago had no alcohol in it and would store for longer periods of time before going stale... and fuel stabilizers do almost nothing to prevent the fuel from going bad with the changes in today's fuels.
Do not buy gas from the "Discount" Stations. The discount stations get a reduced price on gas because they may be buying fuel that is nearly 30 days old already. You may be getting fuel that's nearly stale right from the pump when buying from a discount station. Purchase your fuel from the well-known stations such as Shell, BP, Sonoco, Phillips 66 etc.
More than 70% of all of our repairs in our lawn mower business are due to this same issue. You most likely have dirt, gum, varnish...etc in your carburetor plugging up the small passageways and jets in the carburetor.
The carburetor must be removed from the engine. Clean all parts with carburetor cleaner and blow out all the small holes and passageways with compressed air. Remove all of the non-metallic parts since the carburetor cleaner will cause them to be disfigured decompose and plug the carburetor as time goes on.
Wash the carburetor cleaner off of the metal parts by washing them in warm, soapy water then rinsing with clean water. Dry them by blowing it off with compressed air. Make sure that all the passageways are blown dry before reassembling.
Reassemble using a NEW carburetor rebuild kit.
DO NOT TRY TO REASSEMBLE WITHOUT USING A COMPLTE CARBURETOR KIT! You will just end up having to do the job again.
ALWAYS clean the fuel tank and replace the fuel line when doing this repair or you may have to do it all over again. The inside of the fuel line disintegrates over time and these small pieces of rubber will plug up the carburetor too. Dirt and water from a dirty fuel tank will also plug up the carburetor. Find the Model, type and serial or code numbers off of the engine and take them to your local dealer to get the carburetor repair kit.
If you do the work yourself, take pictures or at least make a drawing of where all the linkages, gaskets, and component parts go. Correct reassembly is critical.
If the carburetor still doesn't work correctly, you may have to take it to someone who has an "Ultra-sonic" cleaning machine. This machine uses carb cleaner and ultrasonic vibrations to get the very small passageways clean when traditional methods fail.
If you don't feel comfortable with this kind of repair I would suggest sending it to a reputable shop.
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I Own a Lawn Mower Sales and service business (37years). Have 2-cycle and 4-cycle certification.
This machine is used all year long almost everyday. I use Sunoco gas. I have not had the problem in the warm months only in the winter.
I am not sure what to tell you in that respect. Sonoco gas is good gas. But ...it also has alcohol in it that can cause these problems. The alcohol may be eating away at the needle and seat. There are different formulas for Summer gasoline and Winter gasoline. The Winter gasoline is generally more corrosive. This is because the winter gas has to be made so that it will ionize at the lower temperatures.I have not had many issues like yours that were not caused by old gasoline.
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