Small Engine Problems? Ask an Engine Mechanic for Answers ASAP
My Portable Gasoline Generator won't start. Please help.
There are quite a number of things that could cause this. I will give you one reason now....And if it turns out not to be the problem, feel free to come back to this question.
This is usually what happens when a generator has been sitting for a while... Six months, a year or longer.
As engines sit or get older, fuel that is left in the carburetor can turn to gum and varnish and cause this and other problems. Also, any gasoline that was left in a gas can for a period of more than 30 days must be discarded because it also has begun to turn to varnish. Do not Use any fuel that is onlder than 30 days.
Today's gasolines contain MTBE and alcohol. (Ethanol) They turn to "Junk and garbage" very quickly. Alcohol is partially water (H2O). And they call it "Oxygenated fuels! It is the oxygen that breaks down the organic compounds in the fuel and turns the gas to "Garbage" (Gum and varnish) The fuels we had just a few years ago had no alcohol in it and would store for longer periods of time before going stale... and fuel stabilizers do almost nothing to prevent the fuel from going bad with the changes in today's fuels
.Do not buy gas from the "Discount" Stations. The discount stations get a reduced price on gas because they may be buying fuel that is nearly 30 days old already. You may be getting fuel that's nearly stale right from the pump when buying from a discount station. Purchase your fuel from the well-known stations such as Shell, BP, Sonoco, Phillips 66 etc.
More than 70% of all of our repairs in our lawn mower business are due to this same issue. You most likely have dirt, gum, varnish...etc in your carburetor plugging up the small passageways and jets in the carburetor.
The carburetor must be removed from the engine. Clean all parts with carburetor cleaner and blow out all the small holes and passageways with compressed air. Remove all of the non-metallic parts since the carburetor cleaner will cause them to be disfigured decompose and plug the carburetor as time goes on.
Wash the carburetor cleaner off of the metal parts by washing them in warm, soapy water then rinsing with clean water. Dry them by blowing it off with compressed air. Make sure that all the passageways are blown dry before reassembling.
Reassemble using a NEW carburetor rebuild kit.
Do not try to reassemble without using a complete carburetor kit! You will just end up having to do the job again.
Always clean the fuel tank and replace the fuel line when doing this repair or you may have to do it all over again. The inside of the fuel line disintegrates over time and these small pieces of rubber will plug up the carburetor too. Dirt and water from a dirty fuel tank will also plug up the carburetor. Find the Model, type and serial or code numbers off of the engine and take them to your local dealer to get the carburetor repair kit.
If you do the work yourself, take pictures or at least make a drawing of where all the linkages, gaskets, and component parts go. Correct reassembly is critical.
If the carburetor still doesn't work correctly, you may have to take it to someone who has an "Ultra-sonic" cleaning machine. This machine uses carb cleaner and ultrasonic vibrations to get the very small passageways clean when traditional methods fail.
If you don't feel comfortable with this kind of repair I would suggest sending it to a reputable shop.
Thank you. Your answer made me remember that last year after the generator had been running smoothly, I drained the gas tank and let the generator run until it ran out of fuel. This year I filled the tank with new gas that I had treated with Stabil before I tried to start it.
Remember that STABIL does not work anymore for storage of gasoline. Even with the Stabil, you cannot keep gas more than 30 days. You cannot leave ANY fuel in the carburetor even if it has had STABIL added to it.
Stabilizers only lay on top of the gas kind of like oil stays on top of water. The fuel inside the carburetor of an engine will not be treated and will still cause the carb problems mentioned in the previous answer.
The correct procedure to get an engine ready for storage is to add the fuel stabilizer to the gasoline directly in the tank of the engine. Then you must run the engine until it dies from lack of fuel. Since the stabilizer stays on the top of the gas, the last thing that goes into the carburetor in the stabilizer, which is an oily, protective substance that will help to keep the carburetor from corroding. Even when the engine dies from lack of fuel, there will always be 6 to 12 drops of fuel left in the carburetor. Repaired this way, those 6 to 10 drops will be the stabilizer and not gasoline.
Also, when there has already been old fuel left in a unit, it does no good to put stabilized fuel in it. The damage has already been don and cannot be reversed.
DO not run carburetor cleaner through the engine as this will ruin the rubber components of the carburetor and fuel line and fuel pump..(if so equipped)
I hope this helps you understand a few more things.