Real Estate Law
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You, as a tenant, are only liable for damages exceeding reasonable wear and tear, and that is all that may be deducted from the security deposit (aside from unpaid rent).
So, the painting, grout and rock seem more like routine maintenance.
You can sue the landlord in small claims court to recover the deposit which was improperly withheld. You may also be awarded punitive damages, attorney fees and court costs.
Small claims court is designed to be "user friendly" so that you can present a claim without an attorney. Also, it moves much more quickly than regular court. You can get the necessary forms to start from the clerk of the court.