Thank you for your patience; I had to delve a little deeper because there is a TX statute that is codified at 26.01 here, which requires all land transfers to be in writing and signed by the grantor (owner) in order to be effective- this is called the statute of frauds.
However, since that does not always result in justice, the courts have carved an exception-referred to as Promissory Estoppel. Basically that theory applies when one party relies on the promise of another, even if there is no written transfer. So for example, the elements require:
1. a promise
2. a foreseeable reliance on that promise
3. substantial reliance that causes detriment.
So basically, if a party, in good faith relies on an oral promise and performs accordingly, the statute of frauds will not serve to bar that good faith party from prevailing, as justice requires. Case law that upholds this includes the Nagle case - 633 SW2d 796 (Tx 1982) and the Birenbaum case - 971 SW 2d 497 (Tx 1997).
So basically one needs to file for declaratory judgment as to the true owner of the property. The judge can order a person to execute a deed to effectuate the transfer; if they refuse they can allow the court clerk to sign on their behalf so that it becomes part of the chain of title and legally binding.
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