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This is one of those areas of the law that have almost no cases on it. In Texas, it is generally accepted that the owner of land owns the air rights above that land but if someone wants to use it in a situation like you describe it would only be a "trespass" if the landowner owns a structure or is making use of the air rights at the level where the crane will pass.
In other words, if the land only has a one story structure on it that is twenty feet high (total) and the crane will pass at a height of 100 feet, they would be allowed to do so without getting permission. Of course, if they do some kind of harm then the crane operator would be liable.
There was a case filed in Houston a year or so ago dealing with this, 1885 St. James Place Partners LP, vs. Finger-FSC Yorktown.
In that case, St. James Place cited law that stood for the proposition "aerial rights in property extend only to the altitude of the property owner's existing and effective reasonable use of the land."
I haven't see that case go up on appeal yet and it hasn't been filed long enough to have reached an "ultimate resolution" through all the courts.
That case was dealing with aerial rights and "trespass". There could also be an issue, with the right facts, where the use of a crane could cause a "nuisance" in extending over the property.