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No, they cannot do that. These are called "executive sessions" (but can be referred to by other names, such as "workshops", etc...)
In short, these are allowed only in a few situations, such as investigative meetings, meetings to consider confidential material, legal matters, and personnel matters. Bylaws that will be adopted have to be put forward via notice, open meeting, and vote.
Otherwise, any bylaw at that meeting would be subject to rescission in court.
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