Real Estate Law
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The answer is that there is no hard and fast rule, but a subsequent transfer should not prevent the exchange from satisfying the requirements provided that the exchanger did not have a concrete intention to convert the property to personal use at the time of the exchange.
While this is the legal answer, most people want a time frame. Most identify two (2) years as the IRS has ruled that a two-year minimum rental period was sufficient to meet the qualified use test.
Thus, there would be no tax liability for the transfer as it will remain exempt. However, you would owe your regular taxes on the property once you take it over as your personal residence, and you would owe tax when you sell the property as it would not be a qualified 1031 property if it is a personal residence.