1) Your parents cannot force a joint owner to remove themselves off the deed. The only option they have to separate the relationship would be to sue to force the sale of the entire property, which means to buy her out of her ownership. I doubt your parents would be able to do this.
The other option would be to sue your sister to enforce the agreement that she would be responsible for the taxes.
2) A property is not considered abandoned unless the owner specifically says they are abandoning the property or your parents obtain an adverse claim to her property. In California in order to claim adverse possession
, your parents would have to adversely possess your sister's home for 15 years and then file a claim for adverse possession.
Options to consider:
1) Your parents buy out your sister's interest to the property in exchange to sign her name off the deed.
2) They obtain authorization from your sister in writing to permit them to lease her property.
3) Last option is to sue as stated in the beginning of my answer.
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