Red is RING and TIP is Green...remember that on your NEW telephone plates. If you haven't swapped the wires around on the plates, those should be correct for each one.
Now on your NID, the red/green pair is being used correctly from the Telephone company.
So...now we need to figure out what COLORED pair is used to connect the NID to ALL the other jacks, and since we don't know that....
START at the NID. What colored pair do you see being used??
It will most likely go to the closest telephone jack. Solid Blue/Orange/Brown with white stripe should be the RED/RING line. Use that setup through out your home.
TEST your first connection FIRST. Then move on to the rest of the home.
Hope it rings and dials out.
If it does, then test the furthest outlet...if it's dead then you'll have to test midway all the way back to the nearest LIVE outlet and select a different color pair between the LIVE outlet and the nearest DEAD outlet.
That's the only way you can restore your phone wiring properly.
You won't need to connect all the wiring, just select a wire pair and try to use only that color and connect the SOLID color to the RED/RING on the plates, White to the GREEN/TIP lines.
And hope the DSL box functions.
It's the only way to do it. Did your Telco verify you can get DSL? I think it's still one mile distance from the nearest CO for it to work.