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Anna
Anna, Pet Expert/Biologist
Category: Pet
Satisfied Customers: 9671
Experience:  40 yrs.: herps, pocket pets, rabbits, poultry, dogs, horses. Biology degree. Vet assistant.
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Hi, my pet rabbit, Olivia, has developed a bald spot suddenly.

Resolved Question:

Hi, my pet rabbit, Olivia, has developed a bald spot suddenly. The skin where the fur is gone is a bit flaky, but I don't think that she has mites. She gets fresh fruits and vegetables every day, and I put vitamin drops in her water. What could be wrong with my sweet bunny?
Submitted: 5 years ago.
Category: Pet
Expert:  Anna replied 5 years ago.
Hello,

Does the spot seem to bother Olivia - does she scratch or bite at it?

Where on her body is the spot located? How big is it? Is it round?

Does Olivia live inside?

What type of litter/bedding do you use?

Thank you for the additional information.

Anna

Customer: replied 5 years ago.

No, it doesn't seem to bother her at all.

 

It is a 4 in long by 1 in strip on her back. I forgot to mention that she also has another smaller bald spot higher up on her back that is a strange shape and about 2 in wide.

 

She lives outdoors in a hutch when the weather is good, and she lives indoors in the cold weather.

 

I put pine shavings in the dropping tray below her hutch, so she's not really exposed to the bedding too much.

 

Also, I have noticed that she is shedding alot more than usual. And she is a mini rex.

 

Thanks again!

 

Elisa

Expert:  Anna replied 5 years ago.
Thank you for getting back to me, Elisa. There are many potential causes of a skin condition like this.

The most likely is fur mites because, often, the only symptom of these pests is flaky skin that resembles dandruff in humans. As the infestation progresses, the rabbit may start losing hair excessively, resulting in bald spots. Fur mites cannot be seen with the naked eye, and many times they don't even show up when a vet does a skin scraping. They are treated with selamectin (sold as Revolution or Stronghold). It is applied to the skin between the shoulder blades.

Another possibility is sarcoptic mange. This is also caused by a parasite. It is treated with injections of ivermectin.

From your description, these two conditions seem most likely. However, a fungal or bacterial infection is also possible. You'll need to have a vet examine Olivia for a certain diagnosis and to get proper treatment. The drugs you'll need are only available by prescription. Sometimes rabbit owners try to save some money by treating with remedies they can buy in pet stores. Most of them don't work, and some of them are downright dangerous for rabbits. You can read more about skin conditions and treatment at this site:

http://www.bio.miami.edu/hare/furloss.html#abnormal

This is not an emergency, but you'll need to make an appointment with a vet soon. This link will take you to a directory of rabbit vets:

http://www.rabbit.org/vets/vets.html

If you can't find one near you, and you have to go to a vet who isn't familiar with rabbits, it might be a good idea to print out the page at the first link I gave you to take along to your appointment. Do be sure that no one gives you Frontline to use on a rabbit - it can be fatal.

I also recommend that you eliminate the pine shavings. Pine gives off volatile oils, and Olivia id breathing them, even though she isn't sleeping in the bedding. The oils can lead to respiratory and liver/kidney problems. If you want to use shavings, aspen is better. Paper-based beddings, such as CareFresh, are best.

If you have any more questions about this, just let me know by clicking on REPLY. I hope your rabbit's skin problem will be quickly diagnosed and remedied.

Anna
Customer: replied 5 years ago.
Thanks for your prompt reply! I will make an appointment with my vet as soon as I can. I was wondering, though. Would it help if I sent you a picture of the bald patch?
Expert:  Anna replied 5 years ago.
Thank you, XXXXX XXXXX not. the reason is that skin conditions are difficult to diagnose without being able to see it up close and do a skin scraping. If the spots had been round, that would make ringworm likely, but they're not, so a photo won't really tell me any more than what I got from your description. Fur mites are very common, and your descriptions sounds most like them, but you will need a vet to be sure.

Anna
Anna, Pet Expert/Biologist
Category: Pet
Satisfied Customers: 9671
Experience: 40 yrs.: herps, pocket pets, rabbits, poultry, dogs, horses. Biology degree. Vet assistant.
Anna and 5 other Pet Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 5 years ago.
Alright, thanks again.

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40 yrs.: herps, pocket pets, rabbits, poultry, dogs, horses. Biology degree. Vet assistant.