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Terri Riba
Terri Riba, Animal Healthcare expert
Category: Pet
Satisfied Customers: 29977
Experience:  Expert in pet health and behavior. 20 year experience with animals.
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My 15 year old cat has had chronic diarrhea for 2 ...

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My 15 year old cat has had chronic diarrhea for 2 years. She has been in for complete workup at vet and no cause was found. We thought colitis, so her food is gentle and she gets a lot of love. Recently she lost weight, doesn''t eat anything much( I give KMR and food in a paste through oral syringe) she will lick up meat gelatin and drink water. Her tail is kind of limp also and she doesn''t bather herself very well. Is it old age, and is she suffering?
Submitted: 6 years ago via PetPlace.
Category: Pet
Expert:  Terri Riba replied 6 years ago.

Dear friend,

I am so sorry your baby is not feeling well.

Licking up gravy is a sign of dehydraton.

Cats do not have whims like people. Whenever they stop eating they are either ill or in pain. If her blood work was unremarkable and she has no other symptoms like fever, diarrhea, constipation, infection, etc then here is something going on that is difficult to ascertain - but it exists nevertheless. Sometimes a cat can have an abscessed tooth or root that is in the gum.They can ingest a piece of plastic that in not perceivable in an xray. They can be mildly dehydrated or have a metabolic or organic imbalance that is too slight to read on a test. She may also feel nauseated.

If your cat is not diabetic begin by giving her two droppers (cc size) of unflavored pedialyte every ten minutes for an hour. Next water down(plain water) canned cat food or baby food chicken or turkey with no onion or garlic and give only one dropper every ten minutes for another hour. Wait two hours and repeat both. When she feels hydrated she will lick up the gruel on her own.

Diarrhea can be controlled by adding a tablespoon of infant rice cereal to the baby food for each meal.

You may be looking at severe food allergies or IBS which is characterized by bouts of constipation and diarrhea:
http://www.marvistavet.com/html/body_inflammatory_bowel_disease.html

IBD or pancreatitis are also possiblities:

http://cats.about.com/od/diseasesandconditions/p/felineibd.htm

http://www.marvistavet.com/html/pancreatitis__feline_.html

Colitis:

http://www.marvistavet.com/html/body_colitis.html

Pay special attention to this section of the above link

 

TIPS FOR COLITIS

Colitis is best managed when its cause is known and specific therapy can be instituted. When this is not possible, symptomatic management is often attempted. The following are therapeutic medications and strategies that can be helpful in the treatment of colitis.

Metronidazole: This medication has anti-inflammatory properties in the large intestine as well as ability to kill harmful organisms such as Clostridia and giardia. For more information on this medication, see the link.

Sulfasalazine: This medication consists of a sulfa antibiotic bound to a salicylate anti-inflammatory. The sulfa bond protects the anti-inflammatory medication until it gets to the large intestine thus saving the anti-inflammatory effect for the disease of the large intestine. This is a very effective medication but is typically given three times a day which is an inconvenience. Cats are sensitive to salicylates thus this medication is primarily used in dogs.

Dietary Fiber: The role of fiber in colitis is confusing as there are an assortment of fiber preparations (soluble fibers, insoluble fibers, and mixtures). In general, colitis is felt to be a "fiber-responsive" disease. Fibers are broken down into nutrients for colon cells and also for food for beneficial colon bacteria.

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS): One of the prescription Iams diets as well as the Innovative Veterinary Hi Factor diet emphasizes the addition of FOS to its formulation. FOS's are carbohydrates involving fructose (fruit sugar) units attached to glucose (starch sugar) units. Most carbohydrates are digested by the bacteria of the small intestine leaving only the undigested fibers and other dregs for the teeming masses of the large intestine. FOS's are not fibers but they are digested in the large intestine (not the small intestine) in the same way that fibers are yielding the same biochemicals that fibers do. Why is this good? Tests in healthy cats indicate that this will help remove pathogenic bacteria from the large intestine and promote the growth of helpful bacteria. Think of it as an anti-crime program in the New York City of bacteria. Diets that contain FOS's may be helpful in the management of colitis.

Elimination Diet: Colitis can result from a food intolerance (an example would be lactose intolerance from which numerous people suffer). Intolerances can result from dyes, preservatives, contaminants or even natural proteins in the food. Similarly, colitis can result from an actual food allergy. The solution for these intolerances is the feeding a "pure" diet, ideally a home cooked food made with carbohydrates and proteins that are novel or new to the patient. An 8-10 week diet course is typically needed and no other chews or treats can be offered during the time of the trial. Food allergy cannot be diagnosed by blood test or skin test. At this time, response to elimination diet is the only test for food allergy or intolerance

Since itchy skin is a common manifestation of food allergy or intolerance, more detail on the subject of elmination diet can be obtained on the food allergy page.

Treating for Clostridium: Clostridial organisms are a group of anaerobic bacteria responsible for such unpleasant conditions as tetanus, botulism, and gangrene. There are Clostridial organisms that normally live in the large intestine but they do not cause any trouble unless some stressful event or diet change allows them to over grow. Once they are present in large numbers the toxins that they produce become significant and can cause colitis. (Think of these organisms as the criminal element in the New York City of bacteria. When there is a large scale blackout in the city, large scale looting occurs with these bad eggs leading the way.)

The diagnosis of Clostridial disease is complicated. A fecal smear may show the presence of Clostridial organisms but that does not mean they are producing toxin. Further tests (the "reverse passive latex antigen test" and the "ELISA" test) may be needed but the accuracy of these tests is in dispute. Often a course of a Clostridium-killing antibiotic is used as a test. Such antibiotics include: amoxicillin, tylosin, metronidazole (which has other colitis-helping properties as well), and clindamycin.

Prednisone: Prednisone is the cornerstone of treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease and inflammatory bowel disease must be diagnosed by biopsy. Sometimes a trial course of this medication is suggested for colitis. For more information please see the links.

SOURCE:

http://www.marvistavet.com/html/body_inflammatory_bowel_disease.htmlc

Please let me know how he is feeling. If you have any questions along the way, I will be here for you and your baby.

I hope she feels better very soon.

Very sincerely,

Terri

 

Terri Riba, Animal Healthcare expert
Category: Pet
Satisfied Customers: 29977
Experience: Expert in pet health and behavior. 20 year experience with animals.
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