How old is the Dragon?
Can you tell me about the set up?
Heat source and temp?
UVB light? How old? Type coil or tube?
You have some husbandry issues which can be causing the Dragon problems. Sand can cause intestinal impactions, skin problems and corneal ulcers. The sand may be the cause of the eye problems. It is an irritant. You can try usine some Plain Sterile saline eye drops to flush the eyes. I would however go to a solid substrate like tile. cage carpet, paper or slate. Warning picture may be graphic:
The basking area should have 110*-115*F and the cool side of the tank in the 90* range. You need to have a day time basking bulb as well as a UVB. Your UVB light should be mo more than 6 months old as they loose potency after 6 months. I recommend the tube type Reptisun 10.0 UVB bulb. The UVB should be a tube type not a coils as the coil can injure the eyes. compact UVB problems: http://www.uvguide.co.uk/phototherapyphosphor-info.htm
The UVB bulb should not have any plastic between it and the Dragon, it needs to rund the length of the tank and be no more than 12" from the Dragon. Both lights should run daily for 12-14 hours a day.
The diet is incorrect too. There should never be lettuce given as there is no nutritional value. You should be feending Collard greens, mustard greens, dandelion greens, escarole and curly endives. Butternut squash and various berries are great for a treat. The Veggies should be put in fresh daily, and done about an hour after lights on. They need 80% veggies daily and 20% live prey. The live prey should include crickets, silk worms, roaches, goliath worms and phoenix worms. They should fed all that can be eaten in 15 mins daily. All veggies and prey should be dusted with calcium daily 5 days a week and vitamins 2 days a week. If you can get the husbandry straightened out. I do suggest a Herp vet visit to rule out any parasite issues yearly. I can locate a Herp Vet for you with a city and state. I am also goving you my care sheet to help with the husbandry. Joan
Bearded Dragon Care Sheet
1. 0-3 months- baby 2. 3-12 months-juvenile 3. 12-18 months- sub adult 4. 18 months + -adult
1. A UVB light source-best is 10.0 Reptisun that runs the length of your tank. Your dragon must have this light to metabolize calcium. If not he will get metabolic bone disease, a serious condition. You can also take your beardie outside to bask in the sun for 15 minutes each day if your temps are 80 degrees or above outside. You can purchase cages or reptariums from your pet store. Never leave a beardie outside unattended. 2. A basking type light that puts out heat and warmth above basking spot. Your beardie must have warmth to digest food & thrive.
Babies: Warm basking log: 105-125 degrees F Cool side: 85-90 Adults: Warm basking spot: 110-115 Cool side: 80-85 Measure temperatures with a digital probe type thermometer or a temp gun-these are most accurate. Stick on thermometers unreliable.
*Beardies over the age of one year old during the winter months will go into a Brumation like most Reptiles and Herps. It is a form of Hibernation that is governed by the weather and time of year. The lights should be on a shorter period at this time. Fresh greens should be available during this period. Do not feed live prey during Brumation.
Water: Mist your little one with the spray bottle 3-4 times a day. You can also offer a small dish of water in your enclosure but be sure your dragon is not too small to drown in it. It is recommended that when your beardie is 2 months old you can bathe your baby in a small plastic container with warm water- not hot. It will help them to stay hydrated. As they get older you can move up to the bathroom sink and then to the bathtub. Very important for bath enclosure to be thoroughly cleaned and rinsed prior to bath time. Clean between dragons too if bathing more than one.
If you have any further questions feel free to ask. I like to start people off with proper husbandry and then see if I can further assist. http://www.repticzone.com/articles/fruitsandvegetablesrated.html This is for fruits and Vegetables
Walnut shell Graphic: http://mrskingsbioweb.com/beardeddragngrossanatomy.htm
sexing bearded Dragons: http://repticzone.com/articles/sexingbeardeddragons.html
I understand you have been using the calci sand for a long time, but over that time it does accumulate in the abdomen and eventually there will be problems. It can irritate the eyes and I have seen it cause corneal ulcers. It would be wise to have the eyes checked by a Herp Vet to rule out ulceration and other medical issue as dietary issues can also cause eye problems. I will be happy to locate a Herp Vet for you with a city and state. Joan