Pregnancy in dogs is difficult to determine in the early stages. Dogs have a heat cycle during which she ovulates and "ties" with a male in order to become pregnant. If you witnessed a tie, most likely she is pregnant. One sign is a vulva that does not completely shrink down--it stays soft and a bit more swollen than what is normally seen after a heat cycle. You may also begin to see a discharge that is sticky and dries quickly on the hair around the vulva. Around week four of the pregnancy you might notice a thickening and the start of weight gain and some swelling of the breasts.
If you didn't witness a tie, then you might start the countdown about 9 days from the start of her heat cycle (show of blood and swelling vulva). That would be the most likely time for her to have become pregnant. If it has only been about 2 weeks since then, it is unlikely you would be able to tell anything quite yet.
Your Vet has a few different ways to determine if your dog is pregnant. They can run a blood test to confirm pregnancy based on hormonal levels around a month or 27 days. You can read about this test here:
They can also gently palpate the abdomen at about a month after breeding to feel for puppy bumps. They can perform an x-ray during the final week of pregnancy (8th week) and look for puppy skeletons. This method can give you a good idea of how many puppies your dog may have. Ultrasound may also be available at your vet and can help determine pregnancy in a dog. Once a dog reaches the 8th week of pregnancy, you can frequently feel the puppies moving around inside of mom. I find it best to have the dog on their side and feel between the rib cage and hindquarters above the breast area.
Puppies are born approximately 57 to 64 days after breeding with the average being 63 days depending on when ovulation occurred.
False pregnancy does occur in dogs and the symptoms are the same as if they were indeed pregnant. If in the fifth week following mating your dog is experiencing these symptoms, she may be pregnant and should be fed a high quality puppy food. I feed any female that has mated a high quality puppy food until it is determined they did not conceive.
So at this point, even taking your girl into the vet will not give you a definite answer as to whether she is pregnant. So sit back and relax. Her vulva still being a little swollen might indicate she is still in the last stage of the heat cycle or indicate that there is a good possibility that she is indeed pregnant. You will know more after a few weeks. Usually at around 4 weeks or so you will start noticing some thickening of the body and the abdominal tuck is gone by that point. Now a false pregnancy can cause the same thing but if she was exposed to a male, odds are she is pregnant.
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