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Hello. Thanks for the question.
It sounds like she will likely need some pain meds/ sedation prior to her exam. This will allow the vet to determine whether this feels like a fracture, dislocation, back/ neck pain or a soft tissue injury.
If it's a fracture or dislocation, then x-rays will be needed. If the bones and joints feel stable, then they can probably just do some pain meds and rest for 1-2 weeks until things normalize. If there is back/ neck pain, then it should not require surgery unless she has significant neurologic deficits. It doesn't sound like that is the case right now.
My guess is that it's a soft tissue injury that will resolve with some anti-inflammatory meds (Rimadyl) and rest.
I hope this helps, let me know if you have any other questions.