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Hello, puppies can not be born with the rabies virus but can pick it up form their mother if the mother has rabies. It can be transmitted from the mother to the babies from the milk and or the licking and biting that the mother does with the pups. If the mother had rabies then there is a possibility that the pups could also have rabies. If the mother does not have rabies but the pups were raised outside where they could have been exposed to other dogs or raccoons then there may be a possibility that they could have picked up the disease that way. Typically though if the mother is vaccinated for Rabies the pups will be able to carry her immunity from the disease until they are at least 6 to 8 weeks of age. This is why pups are usually vaccinated at that point. So if the mother was vaccinated against rabies and the pups have lived indoors their whole life then it may be unlikely that they have rabies. If however the pups have been outside most of their life with exposure to other possible animals then the risk of rabies may be higher. There have been a few cases of rabies in 10 week old pups that have been raised outdoors and where the mothers vaccination status was unknown. The signs are neurolgical in nature and the puppy will present with a head tilt, inability to walk correctly, drooppy face etc if the pups are showing signs of possible rabies. The incubation period of the disease can be anywhere form 10 days to a year depending on how severe the infection is. Here are a few links with some information on the subject for you to review. Hope this helps but let me know if you need anything else.
I just saw the last part of your post. Since you are out of the states and the nature of the mothers vaccination status is unknown and if the puppy is showing neurological signs then the chances of rabies is substancially more serious than if you were here in the states. If the puppy bit of licked you in any way as well the chances are even higher that you could have contracted it. You may want to be vaccinated for Rabies just to be in the safe side at this point.
Thanks to NH Holmes who provided this additional link. Please take a look at it as it pertains to Rabies in Iraqi and the soldiers bringing home dogs with the disease.