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The following list includes a number of common causes of increased drinking and urination. Weight loss is seem in many of these diseases.
Your vet can determine a specific cause based on the history, a physical exam and diagnostic tests including blood work (complete blood count, serum chemistry panel, thyroid level) and urinalysis. Diagnosis of some diseases in the list may require other tests if they are suggested by the basic blood work.
Treatment depends on the specific diagnosis.
Particularly in older dogs, bladder control is decreased. When the water load is increased by increased intake, the dog is unable to hold his urine. Getting the dog out more frequently usually solves this problem.
Let me know if you have follow up questions.
Our Pug dog, Beto will be 7 years old in January.
He belongs to my son who is away on vacation.
Beto has lost quite a bit of weight within the past month.
He has excessive drinking.
Urinates constantly and pees for a long time, seems to not be able to hold it, will just pee on the spot. Urine is clear in color, but strong odor.
Energy level is low.
Eye sight-lost 20%in one eye and 40% in the other eye in 2003- eye sight seems to have gotten worse.
Medical history- allergies all his life, from time to time he was put on steroids to control the itching. Has had eye and ear infections on a regular basis.
Has a regular vet and is taken for regular check ups when ill.
Medication he is currently taking:
Resicort- lotion for dry skin
Keto Chlor- medicated shampoo- for dry skin
Equate-artificial tears- for dry eyes
C1/0- cerumenolytick for ear cleansing.
The most likely causes for the weight loss, increased drinking, decreased appetite and low energy levels are diabetes, renal failure, liver disease, adrenal disease and neoplasia (cancer), but a specific diagnosis will require diagnostic testing including blood work.
Strong smelling urine is often caused by cystitis, a urinary bladder infection.
You should make an appointment for early this coming week, Monday if possible.
There isn't anything special that should be done except keep him comfortable until the vet visit.