I'm sorry to hear that your pup is unwell.
I think it's very possible that there is an underlying cause for this issue, but a vet visit will be required, as there's really no way to tell what's causing the problem at home. And even if you could pinpoint the cause, there's probably no medications that you can get without a prescription to fix this.
Infection is the most common cause of overactive bladder activities. Frequent urination, particularly when only a little urine is produced, is the most common symptom. And this can be fixed very easily and relatively inexpensively with a round of medication. A urinary tract infection or something more serious like a bladder or kidney infection, could absolutely be the cause here.
Intact, unneutered males can also experience problems with the prostate. And infection or inflammation can result in frequent urination and other unusual activity affecting the bladder and penis. Usually, an exam is the first step in diagnosing this type of problem.
Bladder stones can also cause irritation to the lining of the bladder, inflammation and other disruptions, so that will be something they'll examine at the vet. Usually, you can tell a lot just from palpation of the abdomen.
Another possibility is another problem such as diabetes, which results in frequent urination. Again, this is something that your vet can diagnose pretty easily with a blood test. Treatment can be a bit tricky - it's a matter of trial and error, but usually, the dog can live a relatively normal life. And the cost of diabetes management is not extraordainary.
Also, is your dog on any medications? There's quite a few medications that cause frequent urination and excessive drinking as well. Prednisone and other steroids are common culprits. So that's something I would investigate as well - whether one medication that he's on is causing this as a side effect.
There are also an array of other diseases that could be to blame. But that's something that will be explored if the most common problems dont' seem to be the case.
Here's a few things you can check to gauge his general health condition. An infection could spur abnormalities like an increased temperature.
A dog's normal rectal temperature is 100.5 to 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit. Ear temperature is slightly different: between 100.0 degrees and 103.0 degrees.
Checking the gums is an indicator of your dog's circulation. If there's internal bleeding, anemia, a disruption of normal blood flow, or serious illness, the gums will turn very pale, almost white in appearance. This means that the blood is not properly receiving oxygen or there's a loss of blood or red blood cells.
Normal gums will be bright pink to a pale pink. Abnormal gums are white with greyish, blue, or yellow.
Here is a link to a photo of normal gums: http://www.petmed.co.nz/images/gum_healthy.jpg
Here is a link to a couple of photos of pale gums: http://www.petplace.com/images-slide-show.aspx?id=3819&imageIndex=0 http://www.petplace.com/images-slide-show.aspx?id=728&imageIndex=0
I should note that I've seen perfectly healthy dogs with gums that are slightly paler than those pictured in the "normal gums" picture, but there's always a distinct pink tone.
For more information on checking your dog's gums, visit: http://www.ehow.com/how_3028_check-gums-dog.html
The normal heart rate varies depending on the size and age of the dog. A puppy has a heart rate of about 180 beats per minute. And adult dog will have a rate between 60-160 beats per minute. Small toy breeds can have normal heart rates of 180 beats per minute. The rule is the younger the dog, the faster the heart rate (for puppies). And the smaller the dog, the faster the heart rate.
Normal pulse is between 60 and 120.
Also, you can check capillary refill time. If you apply firm pressure to the gums, the area should turn pale and then quickly return back to normal (you can try this on your own skin to see what I mean). If there's no difference, or if your dog's gums take a long time to return back to normal, there could be a problem. The gums should return to normal in no less than one second and no more than two 1/2 seconds.
When you visit the vet, they'll start with an exam, blood tests and urinalysis. If that doesn't reveal any abnormalities, you'll proceed on to more comprehensive testing, like ultrasounds.
I have some additional links that you may find helpful as well.www.petplace.com/dogs/polydipsia-and-polyuria-in-dogs/page1.aspx www.justlabradors.com/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=101www.k9web.com/dog-faqs/medical/JRD.html www.canismajor.com/dog/diabetes.html http://www.nativeremedies.com/petalive/articles/canine-uti-symptoms.shtmlhttp://www.petcaretips.net/canine_urinary_tract.html
I hope your dog is feeling better soon!
Just let me know if you have any additional questions, okay?
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