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Dr. B.
Dr. B., Veterinarian
Category: Cat
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Experience:  I have over 20 years experience in small animal and emergency veterinary medicine.
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How long can a cat go without eating or drinking

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How long can a cat go without eating or drinking before intervention is necessary? My cat is approx. 5 yrs old, I've had her 2 1/2 yrs. She refused food and fluid when I had to leave her with people she knew. After three days, they took her to a Veterinarian where she received sub-q fluids. She then went another 3 days without eating or drinking until I returned My own Vet. expressed grave concern saying irreversible kidney and liver disease would occure after 48 hrs without food or water. Is this true and if so do I just plan on getting her to the Vet. as necessary when she does this again? She has done this a couple more times even though she's been with me away from her home surroundings.
Submitted: 7 years ago.
Category: Cat
Expert:  Dr. B. replied 7 years ago.

HiCustomer-

Cats are very prone to developing a condition called hepatic lipidosis if they go without food very even a couple of days. This is a very serious condition in which the liver becomes infiltrated with fat cells, disrupting the normal liver function. Once this develops, it will often take very aggressive treatment to get them through this - they may need to be hospitalized for intravenous fluids, antibiotics, other medications and often need to have a feeding tube placed for a couple of months so that they can be given the nutrition they need. This is definitely a condition that you want to avoid at all costs.

Dehydration can also cause major internal organ problems, but cats are very good at conserving water within their body and the instinct to drink water is very strong if an animal becomes dehydrated, that as long as she has access to water, she would probalby continue to drink okay (although you may not see her drinking) until she starts feeling poorly from the liver situation or some other illness.

If your cat does not eat for 24 hours, I would have her checked out by your vet. Also, you may need to start trying to force feed her some in an attempt in trying to prevent the hepatic lipidosis from developing. You can take canned cat food, add water and mix in a blender and force feed this with a syringe. Many cats will really fight this, and that is why this is not generally done long term, but it is so important to keep cats eating .

Here are a couple of websites where you can read about hepatic lipidosis if you would like to learn more about this condition.

http://cats.about.com/cs/healthissues/a/fatty_liver.htm

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?cls=1&cat=1327&articleid=217

http://www.vet.uga.edu/vpp/clerk/turner/index.php

I hope this answers your question. If so, please click Accept. If you need more information, please let me know.

Dr. B., Veterinarian
Category: Cat
Satisfied Customers: 1376
Experience: I have over 20 years experience in small animal and emergency veterinary medicine.
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