Hello, and thank you for contacting Just Answer. My name isXXXXX am a legal professional, and I look forward to answering your question this evening.
Without knowing too many specifics, as a general matter an individual can only be held liable for breaches of a duty of care that they have for another person. So, for example, if you invite guests on to your property and someone is injured by something on yoru property that you were aware of and could have warned of or prevented, then there may be liability there for you. Ultimately, duty is the threshold question in such a situation. Did you have a duty to prevent the type of harm that occurred because you were the property owner.
Generally, in order for the property owner to have a duty to prevent harm caused by a third person is if that property owner has some type of special relationship with that third person, and the harm was forseeable in some way. The most common example of a "Special relationship" is that of an owner and a social guest or a business guest (meaning that the third person was invited on to the property for a social or business reason). Then, the harm caused must have been foreseeable by the property owner. This is the toughest thing to prove, and depends entirely on what knowledge the property owner had or should have had about the parties involved, and whether the property owner knew or should have known about the risk of harm to the individual who was harmed.
As in all things in the law, the details of the situation are important. As you can see, a property owner could theoretically be liable for harm caused by the actions of a third party, but it would require both that the third party causing the harm had some type of connection to the property owner, and that the property owner knew or should have been able to foresee the risk of harm. Otherwise, liability generally is only with the person who actually caused the harm.
One New York firm has a brief blog post describing a situatinon in which liability arose at:
Before taking any legal action or asserting any defense to liability, it would be prudent to sit down with an attorney licensed in New York in confidence. If you do not have an attorney, the New York State Bar Association has a referral service available at:
1(NNN) NNN-NNNNp>or online at:
I hope this helps, but let me know if you have any follow up questions or need clarification of anything that I have said. Otherwise, please remember to RATE my answer so that I can receive credit for my work.