This is Dr. DAvid
cystoscopy is looking into the bladder.
papillary tumors in the bladder are almost always cancerous
but 90% are superficial bladder cancers
which have high cure rates with resection of bladder tumor off the bladder wall
only a small percentage of 10% have muscle invasion which are more serious and need more advanced treatment like radiation or total removal of the bladder.
let me know if you have other questions.
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