Ob-Gyn questions? Ask a gynecologist online.
Hi, It's Dr. C. Board-certified Ob-gyne with 30+ years of experience and a special interest in HPV & cervical disease. I can help you today.
I'm sorry that you had a + HPV test. Most women have temporary infections with HPV several times during their lives. With a new relationship, there is about a 50% chance of catching a new HPV infection. In the vast majority of cases, the infection clears by itself without treatment within 3 years, most often much more quickly, within 1 year.
A colposcopy is done to be sure of how much of the cervix is infected and whether it's safe to monitor. Usually with a first lifetime abnormal pap, the recommendation after colpo will be repeat pap smear in 1 year. Smokers are at higher risk of not clearing the HPV, so if a woman smokes, I always strongly advise her to quit.
I hope this has been reassuring so far. Usually a woman with a new +hpv will have more questions, so please reply if I can clarify anything or add more details. I want to be sure you have the most helpful information.