1. Which design uses no control group and no random selection?
a. true experimental
2. What is an example of a true experimental design?
a. pretest posttest control group design
b. one-group pretest posttest design
c. one-shot case study design
d. nonequivalent control group design
3. What term is synonymous with internal validity?
4. Most threats to ______________ are taken care of by the experiment’s design, while most threats to _____________ need to be taken care of by the designer of the experiment.
a. internal validity, external validity
b. external validity, internal validity
c. randomization, reliability
d. reliability, randomization
5. Jim was coming down with a cold and decided to take his friend’s advice and drink hot lemon
juice with a dash of salt to help his throat. Jim’s experimentation can be categorized as what
type of research?
a. one-group pretest posttest design
c. one-shot case study
d. pretest posttest control group design
6. The experimental design that uses one group, a treatment, and a posttest is called
a. one-shot case study design
b. pretest posttest control group design
c. Solomon four-group design
d. one-group pretest posttest design
7. The experimental design that uses one group and a pretest and posttest is called
b. posttest only control group design
d. one-shot case study
8. Which allows for in-depth examination of specific behaviors?
a. nonequivalent control group design
b. static group comparison
c. single-subject design
9. Which of the following notes that the treatment is reintroduced?
10. What is the primary advantage of ABAB design?
a. addressing ethical concerns
b. lower cost
c. less time involved
d. easier training
11. If it is not possible to randomize or administer a pretest, what is the best choice of design?
a. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)
b. static group design
c. nonequivalent control group design
d. Solomon four-group design
12. What is one suggested limitation of the single subject design?
a. significant expense
b. internal validity
c. external validity
d. None of the above.
13. Single-subject designs have roots in which of the following views of development?
d. social learning
14. Which of the following would NOT be considered a major section of a research proposal?
b. a review of the literature
c. the method
d. implications and limitations
15. Which part of a research proposal is included at the author’s discretion?
b. implications and limitations
c. review of literature
16. Which is NOT a common criticism of research articles?
a. data collection not carefully controlled
b. weaknesses in design of research
c. hypothesis was not interesting
d. limitations of the study were not stated
17. Which of the following would be found in the method section?
b. running head
c. rationale for the research
18. Which of the following would be found in the introduction section?
a. current status of topic
b. problem statement
d. research design
19. Which of the following would be found in the literature review section?
20. In what order are multiple authors listed on a manuscript?
b. order of contribution
c. alphabetically by institution
d. ranked by number of publications
21. A shortened title which appears at the top of each manuscript page is called a(n)
22. How many words in length should your abstract be?
d. There is no limit.
23. All tables and graphs to be used in the manuscript usually appear in which section?
24. In a manuscript, the hypothesis ______________.
a. is not always stated
b. is stated in the method section
c. may be found in the introduction
d. both a and c
25. Manuscripts should be _______________.