1. What is the statute of limitations of a military sexual assault resulting in a pregnancy and late term abortion that occurred in 2003?
The criminal statute of limitations for sexual assault is 5 years. After 5 years passes it is too late to prosecute under military law. HOWEVER there is no statute of limitations for rape. So it is possible to prosecute a rape allegation, even from 2003.
On the civil side, you only have 2 years. The Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) requires that lawsuits against the US or its employees be filed within 2 years.
2. Can an Army contracted psychologist report this information to your current chain of command without your knowledge or consent?
Yes, the rules allow the doctor to report a crime that has been alleged. The command (the military) can prosecute even if you do not want them to do so. IT is possible under the UCMJ (military justice code). There is no legal requirement for consent.
3. Can the Army CoC report this information to CID and initiate a rape investigation without my consent?
Since I did not disclose this information to CID, I did not cooperate with the investigation and CID concluded insufficient evidence however the 2003 medical records state otherwise (the medical records disappeared from my current medical file but I have a copy) and CID did not have a copy of the medical records.
Yes. As I explain above, there is no requirement that you consent to a criminal prosecution. The decision for prosecution under military law rests with the commander.
4. What course of action can I take against the Army psychologist for informing the CoC; the CoC for reporting this to CID; and for CID investigating and creating a report stating insufficient evidence?
Most likely none. There is no right to privacy regarding reports of criminal misconduct. If you claimed that a crime was committed, that information can be used to investigate. Period.