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After receiving nonjudicial punishment, the command is sending you to an administrative separation board. It you're being recommended for separation with a characterization of "other than honorable" for your character of service, you'll be given an opportunity to have a board hearing.
For that hearing you'll be assigned a JAG to defend you. That is the time when you can raise that this was an out of character incident, all of the good things you've done in the service, etc.
The board will then make it's recommendations to the commanding general.
So, yes, they do have to give you an opportunity to fight the separation, and that opportunity is the board hearing.
Thanks for your questions.
Are you being recommended for a general discharge?
If you have less than six years of service, as is your case, and you are not being considered for an OTH discharge, but instead a general, the only way you can fight this action (or at least have some input into what sort of discharge you receive) is to submit statements in your own behalf. These statements can be your own, from people with or for whom you work. They should talk about your duty performance, potential, and ability for retention, as well as any significant past contributions you have made. They can ask that you either be retained in the service or given an honorable discharge. These statements should be submitted to your Commander, who in turn will forward them to the Separation Authority to aid him in his decision.
If you have any further questions, I'd be happy to assist.
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Larceny is considered "serious misconduct." Serious misconduct is defined as any offense which could be punished by a punitive discharge under the UCMJ.
Under Article 121, larceny, for stealing $120 worth of property from the PX, you could receive a bad conduct discharge of you were referred to a court-martial.
Therefore, it is considered serious misconduct.