Thank you for that information.
Florida considers three different types of crimes felonies when committed in jurisdictions outside of Florida. (1) crimes that if committed in Florida carry a potential sentence of 1 year of more; (2) crimes that deprive one of their civil rights in other jurisdictions; and (3) crimes that the attorney general of Florida has deemed to be felonies.
Unfortunately, a dismissal is the officer equivalent to a dishonorable discharge
, and therefore Florida considers such conviction a felony under the 2nd prong since by federal law, a dismissal or dishonorable discharge does in fact deprive you of civil rights (right to bear arms, for example).
However, the crimes you were convicted of are "military specific crimes" and there are no equivalents in the civilian world. Therefore, potential employers may give that conviction less weight than they would a civilian felony conviction.
To answer your second question, as of now there is no expunction process for court-martial convictions like there is for civilian convictions. However, you can apply the Board for Corrections of Naval Records (BCNR) for clemency and request that your dismissal be set aside. You would have to demonstrate that there was some sort of gross injustice. I must say though that these packages are very rarely approved.
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Thank you very much,