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Unfortunately, military law doesn't dictate that a retired person must support their spouse, like it does with active duty members. This is because the military doesn't have jurisdiction over retired individuals and it is an extremely difficult process to try and bring them back on duty.
You will need to go through a divorce process, and in that process, request a share of his military retirement as part of the divorce settlement. You will also be entitled to a military ID, provided that your marriage overlapped 20 years of military service. You would also get Tricare.
But you will have to initiate a divorce to make these things happen. Only a family law court can issue the divorce decree necessary to afford you these rights.