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Hi and thanks for the query.
This happens in the event of loss of muscle/sphincter control. The anal verge is surrounded by two sphincters, an external and an internal anal sphincter. Both are responsible for keeping the opening in tone and continent, however, when one of the sphincters gets damaged by trauma, nerve injury or age related loss of tone then incontinence ensues. Vaginal delivery of the baby during birth is also a form of trauma to the sphincter and so is anal intercourse etc.
Once, the muscles are weak, their nerve injured or damaged or muscles directly damaged, the ability to hold the stools or flatus behind them dampens and this causes incontinence.
Let me know if you have further questions.
Urinary incontinence also has essentially the same mechanism, the internal or the external urethral sphincter (in males) gets damaged or the pressure in the bladder increases and this can cause incontinence, one can not induce urinary incontinence in purpose but if the muscles of the pelvic floor are weak, urinary incontinence can ensue. The basic causes are also the same in both fecal and urinary incontinence.
No, it is not since diuretics have side effects and if not used for the right indication, the side effects can be devastating. Secondly, diuretics produce urine, they will not cause incontinence.
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Yes, it would. It would cause the bladder to be dependent on the catheter and can cause urinary obstruction and urinary tract infections as well.
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