Thank you for providing quick additional info.
The condition is called as COPD(Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) also called chronic obstructive airway diseases (COAD).It includes two conditions chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Its most common cause is smoking.Infact COPD is almost always caused by cigarette smoking.The damage already done to his airways cannot be reversed, but if he will stop smoking and change his climate(pollution free),this will prevent the disease from getting much worse.This will slow the damage to his lungs
When the damage to lungs is severe, it may become difficult to get enough oxygen into the blood and to get rid of excess carbon dioxide.These changes lead to shortness of breath and other symptoms.
He may need following tests:
-Other blood tests
Following is the best treatment of emphysema and chronic bronchitis that includes:
-Short & long acting bronchodilator inhalers
.Short-acting bronchodilators last about 4–6 hours and should be used only when needed. Long-acting bronchodilators last about 12 hours or more and are used every day.
-Long-acting beta agonists like salmeterol, formoterol.Short-acting beta agonists include albuterol, levalbuterol
-Broncho dilator medications
-Steroids have anti-inflammatory properties & reduce the swelling of alveoli.
-Medicines that makes the sputum less thick and easier to cough up,antibiotics.
The best combination of medication will be prescribed by your doctor after tests & clinical examination and considering various factors.So
As he has not been tested so far,so I advice for your uncle to make an appointment with a pulmonary doctor for the tests & examination & hence the best combination of medications will be prescribed accordingly.
Hope this helped.
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