1. Hair follicles, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands can all be
found in the _______ layer of the skin, which is considered
to be “true skin.”
A. basal C. dermal
B. epidermal D. subcutaneous
2. An organelle is
A. the smallest “living” structure in the body.
B. a specialized body part composed of tissues.
C. a structure in the cytoplasm.
D. any complex living being, plant or animal.3. Fascia, the type of tissue that “invests” body structures, is _______ tissue.
A. muscle C. pleural
B. connective D. nerve
4. The organs of the abdominal cavity are called
A. viscera. C. fascia.
B. pleural. D. dorsal.
5. The body’s ongoing process of regulating its internal environment—electrolyte balance,
blood chemistry, temperature, and so on—is called
A. excretion. C. peristalsis.
B. homeostasis. D. metabolism.
6. A female gamete is a/an
A. ovary. C. ovum.
B. zygote. D. uterus.
7. The following are all parts of a long bone except the
A. metatarsal. C. epiphyses.
B. medullary cavity. D. articular cart8. Which group of words are energy sources for muscles?
A. Genus valgus, esotropia
B. ATP, creatine phosphate
C. Osteoarthritis, presbyopia
D. Synovial membrane, conjunctiva
9. The integumentary system is composed of the
A. skin, hair, and nails.
B. stomach, liver, and spleen.
C. bones and muscles.
D. kidneys and intestines.
10. A tough, waterproofing protein is
A. a mast cell. C. collagen.
B. keratin. D. a lipocyte.
11. Which of the following is an accessory organ of the integumentary system?
A. Sebaceous gland C. Epidermis
gland D. Corium12. Which process involves the removal of thin layers of malignant growth and subsequent
A. Xenograft C. Electrodessication
B. Mohs’ surgery D. Patch test
13. Which type of burn involves destruction of the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous
layers of the skin?
A. Zero degree C. Second degree
B. First degree D. Third degree
14. Where are keratinized cells found in the body?
A. Sweat and sebaceous glands
B. Hair and nails
C. Capillaries and nerve fibers
D. The subcutaneous layer of the skin
15. Structurally, what is the difference between the dermis and the epidermis?
A. The epidermis is thicker.
B. The dermis contains more types of tissue.
C. The dermis is made mostly of dead cells.
D. The epidermis consists of mostly adipose cells.
16. The function of smooth muscle is to provide
A. cushioning around the joints. C. rapid contractions.
B. involuntary movement. D. skeletal support.
17. What cellular process involves mitosis?
A. Movement C. Growth
B. Fertilization D. Specialization
18. Which one of the following is an example of epithelial tissue?
A. Aponeuroses C. Lining of the digestive tract
B. Subcutaneous skin layer D. Larynx
19. A 72-year-old man is diagnosed with a 7 cm primary tumor in his colon, which
has spread to the liver. Which of the following features indicates that the tumor
A. The patient’s advanced age C. The spreading of the tumor
B. The location of the primary tumor D. The size of the tumor20. In diffusion, movement of particles across a membrane is driven by differences in
A. force. C. size.
B. concentration. D. shape.
21. The skin plays a major role in
A. retention of oxygen and excretion of carbon dioxide.
B. absorption of vitamin A and certain drugs.
C. synthesis and storage of proteins.
D. temperature regulation and sensation.
22. A 67-year-old man is diagnosed with cancer and subsequently undergoes chemotherapy.
As an expected side effect of chemotherapy, his bone marrow stops functioning.
What is a potential consequence of this loss of function?
A. His calcium levels will decrease.
B. He’ll suffer bone fractures even after minor trauma.
C. His potassium levels will increase.
D. He’ll have inadequate levels of blood cells.
23. Which of the following bones is part of the appendicular skeleton?
A. Occipital bone C. Maxilla
B. Ulna D. Sternum
24. What is the medical term for the kneecap?
A. Tarsus C. Tibia
B. Femur D. Patella
25. A seven-year-old boy breaks his tibia and requires immobilization by a hard cast
for six weeks until the break heals. A potential consequence of this therapy is atrophy
A. pectoralis major. C. gastrocnemius.
B. serratus anterior. D. trapezius.
26. The combining forms CUTANE/O and CUT/O mean
A. fat. C. nails.
B. skin. D. hair.
27. The combining form SEB/O means
A. sebum. C. sheet.
B. sweat. D. black.28. The combining form CERVIC/O means
A. lower back. C. neck.
B. vertebra. D. rib.
29. The combining form OSTE/O means
A. bone. C. joint.
B. cartilage. D. muscle.
30. The combining forms ARTHR/O and ARTICU/O mean
A. ligament. C. muscle.
B. sac. D. joint.
31. The combining forms MUSCUL/O and MY/O mean
A. muscle. C. spasm.
B. pain. D. tendon.
32. The combining form PHREN/O means
A. cartilage. C. tendon.
B. diaphragm. D. joint.
33. The combining form CHONDR/O means
A. cartilage. C. rotation.
B. flexion. D. extension.
34. The combining form ADIP/O means
A. skin. C. membrane.
B. fat. D. joint.
35. The combining form FASCI/O means
A. sheet, band. C. nail.
B. hair. D. muscle