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To see deleted texts, logs etc from iPhone, you need to use a recovery application on your PC with the iPhone connected. This is the only way to retrieve and see deleted stuffs. You can use Wondershare Dr. Fone for iOS to see this. Download it from here (download and use the trial version) --> https://drfone.wondershare.com/iphone-data-recovery.html
Not all deleted data can be recovered. The deleted data that can be recovered will be recovered using the above application. And it is not possible to see from a certain date. It will list all the deleted items in one page where you can find the date of data there. This is the only way to achieve what you are trying to do.
If you have any questions or would like any additional information, please don't hesitate to ask.
Deleted logs can be seen which may includes Facetime calls. You don't need to recover them. Just run the recovery process and at first it will show what are deleted items. No need to hit Recover after viewing those.