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Police only need cause to make a valid stop. In other words, they can't pull over someone for no reason, to run their ID and see if they have warrants. But, if the officer notices an infraction -speeding, weaving, a broken taillight, etc. - yes, they are permitted to make a traffic stop. My understanding of California law is that license plate lights are required, so if one was burned out or not working, that is a valid reason to stop them.A passenger cannot be compelled to produce identification without suspicion that they are involved in some illegal activity or upon arrest. Problem is, most people don't know that. So if a person voluntary gives up their identification when an officer asks, that is legal. Many times, an officer says it more like a demand than a question and expect people to know that they can refuse. Not exactly fair, but not illegal to do that.
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