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Hello and thank you for contacting us. This is Dwayne B. and I’m an expert here and looking forward to assisting you today.
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The answer is you can't. You either have to have the check reissued in your names or you have to file for some kind of probate. That is in any state, whether it be Florida or Nevada.
There are a number of ways to file for probate, not all of them are as complicated as a full probate. Obviously, $3000 isn't enough to justify a full probate but you can get a local lawyer to assist you with one of the more informal ways such as an affidavit of heirship. You can also get a place like Legalzoom.com to prepare the paperwork for you and then you file it. However, that requires quite a bit of knowledge on your part to follow through on filing the documents and getting the judge to sign the order.
The probate can be filed where he lived prior to his death or where he had substantial property. Based on the facts you gave it sounds like FL would be a better location as far as you are concerned.
Did your brother own any property (real estate, sticks, bonds, bank accounts, etc) of any kind or owe any debts?