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The top count is the most serious charge. Malicious wounding carries a penalty of anywhere from five to 20 years in prison. It's a class 3 felony. Abduction is a class 5 felony, but if the person abducted is his child, which appears likely from the other charges, it's only a class 1 misdemeanor with a maximum of a year in jail. I need more facts to determine the possible penalties for the other charges, but my guess is that if he wanted to resolve this with an offer instead of trial, he's going to be looking at something around 5 years.
Lawyers set rates based on how much time they think it will take to resolve the client's legal matter. If your son wants to have a plea agreement negotiated this would be a great deal cheaper than a trial, because it requires much less time to accomplish. A trial on charges of this sort would be expensive, as the stakes are high, upwards of $10,000.
You can get a more specific ballpark estimate for your part of the country by talking to the Virginia Bar Association's Lawyer Referral Service.
The assault and battery are lesser included offenses. That is, if a jury decides that he didn't intend to maim or kill her when he wounded her, they could still find him guilty of assault. Depending on the seriousness of the injuries that could be a misdemeanor or a felony. The destruction of property is a misdemeanor.
The charge that is the most worrisome is the malicious wounding. If your son is still a juvenile, they are looking to try him as an adult in adult court.
The case does not belong to the complainant. It belongs to the state. Even if the complainant doesn't want to prosecute, the prosecutor can go forward anyway and compel her to testify or to face jail time for contempt.
public defenders are fully-credentialed, experienced criminal defense lawyers. Like the lawyers in private law firms, some public defenders are excellent, some poor and most average. If your son likes his lawyer and is confident in him or her, he likely has one of the good ones. If your son doesn't, then a private lawyer would be a better choice.
Thanks for the clarification. You mentioned juvenile court, which doesn't apply.
Prosecutors always tend to overcharge criminal cases. It may be that the facts are more in your son's favor than the prosecutor thinks. But given the serious nature of the charges, the prosecutor isn't likely to offer an attractive plea possibility, and this case will have to go to trial.
The fact that the face has healed doesn't mean he can't be found guilty of malicious wounding if he is found to have committed those injuries with the intent to maim, kill, disable or disfigure her. In other words, his state of mind and what he intended to do, whether successful or not, is part of what makes up the crime.