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I'm Lucy, and I'd be happy to answer your questions today. I'm sorry to hear about your situation.
Which US state did she file for divorce in? Did your wife sponsor you for citizenship, and if so, when?
Is she the one who sponsored you? I'm asking because, in the paperwork when you sponsor someone for citizenship, there's usually something called an Affidavit of Support. If she signed something like that, she has already promised to support YOU, which is going to seriously undercut her request for spousal support.
There are two different types of forms. If she signed an I-864, her obligations continue until you become a permanent lawful resident. You could her signing that, which includes a promise to help you stay above the poverty line, as a reason you shouldn't have to pay her spousal support.
Putting that aside, support is need-based. If she became unemployed during the marriage through no fault of her own, a judge could order you to temporarily help support her until she finds a new job. But support is never automatic, and contrary to what many people think, it's not something that the female spouse always gets. If she has the ability to earn enough income to support herself, you can request that the judge refuse her request for spousal support. The judge can actually assume she's making what she would be making while working when deciding whether she can meet her needs without help from you.
She can be required to submit regular proof that she's applying for jobs. But usually, it would be 6 months to a year.
Did you have any other questions about this?