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Thank you for using the forum. My name is ***** ***** I hope to assist you today.
I am sorry to learn of this situation.
When you say your "Roommate" changed the locks - is this roommate a fellow tenant (are you both on the lease?), or is this roommate the landowner and you are a tenant living there with an oral lease?
You are going to be considered a "subtenant" and you are entitled to the same protections that a tenant would have (30 days notice for a lease termination or rent increase, protection against an "illegal eviction", and a right to sue your "master tenant" (suit would be the same as if you were a tenant suing your landlord)).
The fact that you don't have anything in writing makes it more difficult than if you had a written lease, but you can still use your testimony (in addition she still has all of your personal property that you want to get back).
This kind of suit is going to be dealt with in small claims court anyway, so the risk to you is very small - just a small amount of your time and a minimal filing fee (which you may even be able to get waived depending on your financial assets and income).
I cannot speculate on your odds of prevailing in this matter - however, at a minimum you should at least get the return of your personal property (I cannot fathom a good reason why the court would allow this other person to keep your property - I do recommend visiting the court and sitting in on small claims hearings in advance of your own to see how the arguments proceed - this will help you best present your argument, decide whether you need witnesses for your case, etc. - witnesses can be helpful, but remember, this is small claims, not a supreme court oral argument, so hearings are short and plan accordingly).
Your damages are going to be limited to the actual damages for the illegal eviction (usually cost of finding alternative housing for the time of illegal eviction (30 days)), and possibly "punitive damages" - but you are not entitled to any travel expenses, etc. incurred while you are pursuing your claim.
Yes, you can - there is still the matter of the illegal eviction (it is simply up to you and whether or not it is worth it to you to pursue the matter, but you can file suit).
What exactly the odds of winning or the court will award as damages are things that are outside the scope of what I can tell you (there is always an "inherent risk" in litigation, and your matter has a great deal of variables in it that make it a little harder to guess as to what the court would identify for the final calculation of damages - but you can use the outline I have provided above as a good rule of thumb).
Most small claims matters are resolved within 2-4 months, but the exact time can vary depending on the backlog or calendaring for the specific department that the matter is being heard in.
It really depends on what the department is comfortable with. Without a formal lease agreement or roommate agreement, you really don't have anything for the police department to allow you to enter the home and remove property.
However, if you go to court and get a court order, you can use that court order to have the police assist you at that time.
That is correct (and the court is more likely to impose "punitive damages" for this - so additional damages beyond just the cost of replacement).
Yes - you just have to be able to prove the assets and the estimated value. (But again, this is small claims so the standard of proof is not extraordinarily high here - you are not going to be required to get an appraiser or anything like that, just a list of your property and replacement costs for each (along with where you found these values) will be sufficient)
She is supposed to pay the judgment all at once.
But if she fails to do so, and you do not reach a payment agreement, you can use wage garnishment, bank levies, and place liens on her personal property to enforce the judgment.
These are all done by using what we call "post judgment enforcement" (getting orders from the court to enforce your judgment - you go to the courthouse and the court clerk issues these as "writs" 30 days after the judgment if the judgment debtor does not pay you, usually you will have the sheriff's civil division or a private process server do this for you - the cost of actually enforcing your judgment (along with interest) is added to the judgment amount).
While landlords can dispose of abandoned property - they do so with great risk, and your situation does not appear to match that - your master tenant/landlord knew where you were and knew you were returning, then changed the locks (illegal eviction) and is refusing to return your property - so while "abandoned property" is a real thing in NV, it doesn't sound like it applies to your situation at all.