I am sorry to hear this;
In order for a quit claim deed to be valid, one needs to have it recorded - it does not transfer ownership as far as third parties go until it is recorded.
However, it is never a good idea to sign over one's house to a third party because once that is done it is very difficult to get the deed voided. There is no reason a contractor would need to be on title to get a permit-contractors apply for permits all the time; rather the proper way to document the agreement is via a written contract so that both parties are protected.
One should never execute a quit claim deed to a third party unless they intend to transfer that property to the other person as that is a binding legal document. It is only effective to third parties once it is recorded.
I would urge you to contact an attorney near you to discuss the possibility of elder financial abuse/exploitation, as that is a criminal act.
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Information provided is for educational purposes only. Consultation with a personal attorney is always recommended so your particular facts may be considered. Thank you and take care.