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I was told that this should stay in legal. However, the time and research would be beyond the general services that I provide. Your question is open to all attorneys. I trust one of our constitutional law experts will be able to assist you.
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New Expert here.
Did you mean the Fourth Amendment?
I don't see any obvious First Amendment issue other than the argument that the government is trying to make the company speak in a certain way. The encryption features on the phone are intended to protect the privacy of the user, and that can be seen as a first amendment issue.
But this seems like more of a Fourth Amendment and Thirteenth Amendment issue, and an issue as to the meaning to the All Writs Act. The government has no right to impose involuntary servitude on the company, as prohibited by the Thirteenth Amendment. The Fourth Amendment allows searches only by government officials. The All Writs Act can only refer to writs that were part of the common law at the time the Constitution was ratified.
The company says: http://www.apple.com/customer-letter/