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Has the person been declared mentally incompetent by a judge and had a guardian appointed?
Did the person deposit the check into a bank or actually cash it for someone and give them the money?
Was there just the one incident?
Are you referring to criminal liability or civil liability?
Ok, if the person hasn't been declared legally incompetent, then they are presumed competent and are responsible for their own actions.
But as for criminal liability, that requires "intent" also known as "mens rea" or "guilty mind". So if the person was duped and had no idea the check was fraudulent, then it is very unlikely that the local District Attorney would charge them with a crime.
They would however still be responsible civilly for repaying the bank for any losses due to the fraudulent check.
I am very sorry that I don’t have better news, but please understand that I do have an ethical and professional obligation to provide customers with legally correct answers based on my knowledge and experience, even when I know the answer doesn’t make the customer happy...