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Assuming that no one signed to be responsible for the bills then the obligation passes to his estate. If he is married sometimes the creditor will attempt to get the spouse to pay but it's unusual for them to pursue this past the stage of a letter.
His estate will have to pay all creditors, including hospital bills, before it can pass any of the property to his heirs. Things like his bank accounts, a retirement account, etc. can be handled by designating a beneficiary who will take possession "outside of probate" and thus the medical providers don't have a claim against that asset. However, anything other than that which he owns at the time of his death would be subject to the claims of the creditors.
If he has any assets worth much he may want to visit with a local lawyer who does estate work. There are ways to handle the property before death which will prevent the creditors from having a claim against it but these ways differ depending on the specific facts, assets, etc.