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Yes, photos can certainly be admitted as evidence in a court proceeding. You must first authenticate the photos so that the court knows that they are what they appear to be. Authenticating photos requires the photographer to testify as to what they are. So, you could get on the witness stand and describe the scene, and then explain that you took the photos and that they accurately represent the scene. You can be cross-examined, of course, but then the photos should be admissible assuming their accuracy wasn't successfully called into question.
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No, the photos would not be discredited just because they don't show his whole car, etc. The more detail, the better, of course. But discrediting the photos would only happen if they can convince the judge that the photos were photoshopped or otherwise do not represent the scene.
I agree that the bottles are probably not as useful. Not only because of the effort to find DNA or fingerprints, but also because they don't really tell the judge much. In other words, they don't tell the judge when they were consumed, or by whom. I've seen people with dozens of empty bottles, but it doesn't mean that they consumed the contents in a short period of time, or that the owner consumed the contents at all.