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Does a district court have jurisdiction if the Original Petition for divorce was filed when one of the parties was not a e resident or Domiciled in Texas prior to filing?
Yes. Jurisdiction in a divorce proceeding in Texas can be based on the residence of just one party. That is based on an interstate compact between the states.
Can a Party unwillingly give up their jurisdiction by going to a hearing if the petition could never be maintained by the court due to residency and domicile restrictions pursuant to Family Code 6.301?
Yes. There are two types of jurisdiction, personal and subject matter. An appearance can waive any objection to personal jurisdiction.
A court can have subject matter jurisdiction and not personal jurisdiction. It must have both or else the personal jurisdiction must be waived. You can't waive subject matter jurisdiction.
In a divorce case if neither party is domiciled in the county then the court wouldn't have personal jurisdiction but if neither files the proper objections then that argument is waived and they party is said to have "submitted to the jurisdiction of the court" just as if they had appeared at a hearing.
Every family law court in Texas would have subject matter jurisdiction over a divorce in Texas.