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Taxi cabs are exempt from the provisions of CVC27315 for passengers in the back seat. Passengers in the front seat are to wear the seat belt (unless they have a medical condition that precludes use of the restraint). Here is a link to the law:
Note that subsection (d)(1) provides for the exemption:
"(d) (1) A person shall not operate a motor vehicle on a highway unless that person and all passengers 16 years of age or over are properly restrained by a safety belt. This paragraph does not apply to the operator of a taxicab, as defined in Section 27908, when the taxicab is driven on a city street and is engaged in the transportation of a fare-paying passenger. The safety belt requirement established by this paragraph is the minimum safety standard applicable to employees being transported in a motor vehicle. This paragraph does not preempt more stringent or restrictive standards imposed by the Labor Code or another state or federal regulation regarding the transportation of employees in a motor vehicle."
Section (3) provides for the front seat issue:
(3) The operator of a limousine for hire or the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 165, shall not operate the limousine for hire or authorized emergency vehicle unless the operator and any passengers eight years of age or over in the front seat, are properly restrained by a safety belt.
The operator of a taxicab shall not operate the taxicab unless any passengers eight years of age or over in the front seat, are properly restrained by a safety belt.
CVC 27315 does not change the law regarding child safety seats. Taxis are not exempt from the child safety seat requirement.
Here is that law:
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