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Thank you for your question.
It is illegal to threaten to kill someone, but it not illegal to report such a threat to a law enforcement agency.
You can report it to both the local police and the FBI, but I would urge you to report it to a law enforcement agency.
Apostasy is not a crime in the US; it is protected by the First Amendment.
I hope this information is helpful.
I think you have the right to tell the police that you are concerned about being harmed by your former coreligionists. You cannot be sued or prosecuted for making a truthful report to the police even if you do not have solid evidence.
It is said that sunshine is the best disinfectant. If whoever means you harm knows that they will be immediately treated as suspects if anything bad happens to you, that might discourage them from harming you.
You can legally carry pepper spray in Illinois other than in Chicago. See
I believe the best one may be this.