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I'm Lucy, and I'd be happy to answer your questions today.
I'm sorry to say, Georgia does not have a statute that explicitly states when an employer may make deductions from an employee's wages. It's a good business practice to get employee consent in writing, but unless you have a handbook or contract that says that, there isn't anything I can give you that says they can't make the deductions. If the amount they're taking out took you below the minimum wage for hours worked, you could cite the minimum wage statute. Code of Georgia, Section 34-4-3.
You do have the ability to try to work out a more reasonable schedule for repaying the amount you were over paid, but if you owe the money, I'm afraid you're not protected. You can write a letter to your Congressperson to urge them to pass laws, but that won't help you in your current situation.
I apologize that this was probably not the Answer you were hoping to receive. However, it would be unfair to you and unprofessional of me were I to provide you with anything less than truthful and honest information. I hope you understand.Good luck.