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Law Educator, Esq.
Law Educator, Esq., Attorney
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Experience:  JA Mentor -Attorney Labor/employment, corporate, sports law, admiralty/maritime and civil rights law
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A persons lively hood is taken away by an NGO claiming that

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A persons lively hood is taken away by an NGO claiming that there certificate is a forgery. The NGO claims the person photo shopped the certificate issued by the NGO and is therefore claimed to be fraudulent. The NGO acquired the photo shopped certificate from the persons place of employment in the form of a scanned PDF. The place of employment received the scanned document from a satilite location with no evidence of who sent the scan. The persons name is XXXXX XXXXX e-mail with some explanation of why it is being sent. There is no electronic signiture attached to the e-mail, and no witness at the time of the scan. The person denies sending the scanned document and wants to sue the NGO for his loss of income. Will this third party scanned document stand up as evidence against the person in a law suit in a U.S. court of law?
Thank you for your question. I look forward to working with you to provide you the information you are seeking for educational purposes only.

Under the federal and Louisiana rules of evidence, the best evidence rule is that the original document must be submitted in court for evidence. Thus, the scanned or photocopy or faxed copy of the document is not acceptable in court and if they cannot provide the original document to prove it is a forgery, they could not prove forgery. However, if the party who issued the certificate has records they should be able to prove whether or not the certificate was issued in the name of the party in question.

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